Recalling the Sochi agreement between Turkey and Russia, he called on all parties to keep their word. “We have an agreement with Russia in Sochi and we are trying to respect that agreement. We will not hesitate to protect our own forces from threats. No one should put our determination to the test,” he said. In addition to the Syrian crisis, Ankara and Washington have failed to agree on a possible Turkish purchase of Russian defence systems. Erdogan`s negative reaction to Iran`s criticisms has been widely rejected by the Tehran media and, at this stage, the appearance of a (small) undesirable setback in relations between Iran and Turkey can be taken for granted. Some aspects of the Sochi agreement are aimed at Iran, others are not, resulting in a predictable mixed reception. After all, Iran is widely perceived that, regardless of Erdogan`s verbal commitments to Syrian integrity, it has been nibbling in practice for two consecutive years on Syrian territory, with the prospect of a major intervention in the next operation. Russia negotiated a ceasefire and negotiated the agreement in 1992. The agreement essentially established a ceasefire between Georgian and South Ossetian forces, but also defined a conflict zone around the capital of South Ossetia, Tskhinvali, and established a security corridor along the border of unrecognized areas of South Ossetia. The agreement also established a joint control commission and a peacekeeping body, the Joint Armed Forces Peacekeeping Group (JPKF). The JPKF was placed under Russian command and consisted of peacekeeping forces from Georgia, Russia and North Ossetia (the separatist government of South Ossetia is not yet recognized; However, South Ossetia`s peacekeeping forces served in the North Ossetian contingent). In addition, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said it was ready to monitor the ceasefire and facilitate negotiations.
  The OSCE has sought to eliminate sources of tension, support the existing ceasefire and create a broader policy framework to mitigate long-term discord.  “With this agreement, we have ruled out a major humanitarian crisis in Idlib,” Erdogan told reporters at the press conference with Putin. The Sochi agreement, reached this week between Turkey and Russia, was touted as a piercing agreement that will put out the fires of war, fight terrorism, respect Syrian sovereignty and restore diplomatic relations between Ankara and Damascus by reviving the 1998 Adana agreement. The agreement signed in 1998 in the southern turkish city of Adana was intended to allay Ankara`s concerns about the PKK terrorist group`s presence in Syria. During its decades of campaigning of terror, the PKK has killed 40,000 people in Turkey, including women, children and young children. It is also considered a terrorist organization by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. The YPG is the PKK`s branch in Syria. Once again, a 1993 agreement, negotiated by Russia, the ceasefire agreement in Abkhazia and a mechanism to ensure compliance, allowed a moratorium on the use of force, the withdrawal of belligerents from the war zone within a fortnight, the creation of a Russian-Abkhaz control group to monitor the ceasefire, the return of the Abkhaz Parliament to Sumiouk , UN observers on the territory, and the resumption of talks on the settlement of the dispute.